Hey there, folks! In a constantly evolving world, keeping a finger on the pulse of the issues that matter is crucial. One such issue is the gender wage gap.
As we dive into 2023, it’s high time we closely examine the numbers and trends that continue to shape this debate. Buckle up, because we’re about to explore 48 gender wage gap statistics that shed light on where we stand in the pursuit of pay equality.
Get ready to dive into the latest Gender Pay Gap Stats: What You Should Know in 2023, where we uncover the numbers that reveal the state of pay equity today.
Early Career Earnings
If you’re a young worker aged 18 to 24, you might be interested to know that women earn about 82.91 cents for every dollar that men make. That’s not too shabby, but there’s still room for improvement.
Real Estate’s Wage Gap
Real estate brokers and sales agents seem to be grappling with the highest gender pay gap, with a staggering 60% difference between what men and women are bringing home. Ouch!
State of Inequality
If you’re thinking about moving to Wyoming, here’s something to consider. Women there are making just 68 cents for every dollar earned by men, marking the highest gender pay gap among the states. On the flip side, Vermont is leading the way with women earning a pretty impressive 93 cents for every dollar that men bank.
It’s a tough reality for trans women, who earn a modest $600 per week working full-time. We’ve got some work to do in ensuring equal pay for everyone.
Latinx LGBTQ+ Women
Latinx LGBTQ+ women are facing a gender pay gap as well, earning 72 cents for every dollar that the typical worker takes home. Equality, anyone?
Closing the Gap
Brace yourself, because it might take a while. The gender pay gap is still hanging around, and it’s estimated to take a whopping 132 years to bridge the divide. We’ll need some serious commitment to speed that up!
Retirement Income Gap
When it comes to retirement income, women are getting about 70.5% of what men are receiving. A reminder that equal pay now can have long-term benefits.
The Bottom Line
Drumroll, please. In 2023, women are still earning 17% less than men on average. That’s a hefty chunk of change left on the table.
Equal but Not Quite
Even when we compare men and women with the same job title, experience level, and hours worked, an 11% wage gap still refuses to budge. It’s a reminder that we’ve got some work to do to level the playing field.
The gender wage gap has been on a journey, and it’s one that’s seen some progress, albeit with a long way to go. Here’s how it has changed over the years:
1963 – A Different Era
Back in 1963, women earned only 59 cents for every dollar men brought home. It’s a stark contrast to today, showing that progress has indeed been made.
Decade of Improvement
Fast forward to the next decade, and things started looking up. By the 1970s, women had boosted their earnings to 77 cents for each dollar earned by men. Progress was in motion.
As of 2023, women are making strides in narrowing the gap. The controlled gender pay gap is down to just one cent less than men for every dollar they earn. This is a marked improvement from 2015 when the gap was three cents.
Uncontrolled vs. Controlled
It’s worth noting the difference between the controlled and uncontrolled gender pay gaps. In 2023, the controlled gap is just 99 cents for every dollar men earn, while the uncontrolled gap is wider at 83 cents. This means that when factors like job type, experience, and hours worked are considered, the gap narrows considerably.
A Table of Change
To see the evolution more clearly, check out this table showcasing the controlled and uncontrolled pay gap over the past years:
|Year||Controlled Pay Gap (for every dollar earned by men)||Uncontrolled Pay Gap (for every dollar earned by men)|
|2023||99 cents||83 cents|
|2022||99 cents||83 cents|
|2021||98 cents||82 cents|
|2020||98 cents||82 cents|
|2019||98 cents||81 cents|
|2018||98 cents||79 cents|
|2017||98 cents||78 cents|
|2016||97 cents||76 cents|
|2015||97 cents||75 cents|
The Road Ahead
While we’ve made significant strides, true gender pay equity is still a distant goal. If the current trend continues, it’s estimated that we won’t achieve full equality until 2059. That’s a sobering reminder that the fight for fair wages continues.
When it comes to the LGBTQ+ community and their earnings, there’s more to the story than meets the eye. Let’s break it down:
Trans Women Facing Challenges
It’s no secret that trans women face significant pay disparities. On average, full-time working trans women earn just $600 a week. That’s a tough reality they’re dealing with.
Non-Binary and Two-Spirited Workers
Non-binary and two-spirited individuals aren’t faring much better, with a weekly wage of $698, making them the second lowest-paid group among LGBTQ+ workers.
LGBTQ+ Earnings by Gender
When we look at earnings across different genders within the LGBTQ+ community, we see some variations:
- LGBTQ+ men are earning $960 weekly on average.
- LGBTQ+ women follow closely behind with $875 a week.
- Trans men earn around $700 weekly.
- Non-binary and two-spirit individuals match the earnings of trans men at $698.
- As mentioned earlier, trans women face the greatest challenge, making just $600 a week.
Earnings by Race
Race plays a significant role in LGBTQ+ pay disparities:
- LGBTQ+ white workers earn 97 cents for every dollar their male counterparts earn.
- LGBTQ+ Latinx workers, however, face a wider gap, earning just 90 cents for every dollar earned by male workers.
- On a brighter note, LGBTQ+ Asian/Asian Pacific Islander workers have reached pay parity, earning a dollar for every dollar typical workers earn.
Pay Gap by Gender Identity
Delving further into gender identity reveals more nuances:
- Men in the LGBTQ+ community earn about 96 cents for every dollar a male worker earns, indicating a relatively narrow gap.
- On the other hand, trans women face a substantial challenge, earning only 60 cents for every dollar earned by typical male workers.
- Trans men and non-binary, genderqueer, genderfluid, and two-spirit workers earn 70 cents for every dollar typical workers earn.
Race & Gender Intersection
When we consider both race and gender within the LGBTQ+ community, we see further disparities:
- Asian/Asian Pacific Islander LGBTQ+ women are leading the pack, earning a dollar for every dollar typical workers earn.
- White LGBTQ+ women are close behind, earning 96 cents for every dollar men or typical workers earn.
- Black LGBTQ+ women face an 85 cents-to-the-dollar gap.
- Native American LGBTQ+ women earn 75 cents for every dollar typical workers earn.
- Latinx LGBTQ+ women experience a 72 cents-to-the-dollar gap.
When we look at the earnings of different ethnic groups in the United States, it’s clear that there’s quite a range. Here’s the lowdown:
Asian Women’s Earnings
Asian women are leading the charge with 92 cents for every dollar earned by men in the nation. They’re doing pretty well when it comes to narrowing the pay gap.
Women, on average, are earning 84 cents for every dollar. While this shows progress, it’s clear there’s still room for improvement.
Challenges for Black Women
Black women, unfortunately, face a wider gap, with just 67 cents for every dollar. In 2020, they were paid just 58% of what non-Hispanic men were earning. It’s a stark reminder of the disparities that still exist.
Native American and Latina Women
Native American and Latina or Hispanic women are both earning 57 cents for every dollar. In 2021, Latina women had just 54% of the pay that non-Hispanic men received. These numbers highlight the economic challenges faced by these groups.
The pay gap isn’t just a short-term issue; it has long-term consequences. Black, Native American, and Latina women who start their jobs at 20 years old end up earning a staggering $407,760 less than men who started alongside them. This underscores the importance of addressing pay disparities from the very beginning of one’s career.
The gender pay gap is a complex issue with variations across age groups, educational qualifications, ethnicities, and even geographical locations. Here’s a closer look at how it all breaks down:
Age and Earnings
It’s clear that age plays a significant role in the gender pay gap. While younger workers aged 16 to 24 earn 82.91 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make, those in the 25 to 34 age group narrow the gap to 87.53 cents. However, as workers reach the age of 55 to 64, the ratio dips to 75.82 cents. Age and experience seem to impact earnings.
Earnings also vary among different ethnic groups. Asian women are leading the pack with 92 cents for every dollar earned by men, whereas Black women and Latina or Hispanic women face wider gaps, earning just 67 and 57 cents, respectively. These disparities are a stark reminder that achieving pay equity requires addressing both gender and racial disparities.
Education is another factor influencing the pay gap. For example, men and women with advanced degrees see a substantial $480 difference in their median weekly salaries. On the other hand, those with less than a high school diploma have a smaller gap of $160. The gap grows as educational qualifications increase.
Geography also plays a role. Vermont leads the way with the highest female-to-male earning ratio at 89.18%, followed closely by the District of Columbia at 86.32%. In contrast, Utah has the lowest ratio at 60.18%, followed by Wyoming at 61%. States like Louisiana and Idaho also have relatively low ratios, highlighting regional disparities.
The gender pay gap isn’t limited to any one corner of the world; it’s a global issue that varies from country to country. Here’s a snapshot of the differences in median full-time earnings of men and women as of 2023:
South Korea Tops the Gap
South Korea leads the pack with the largest gender pay gap, where the difference in median full-time earnings between men and women stands at a staggering 31.2%. This highlights significant disparities in pay for South Korean employees.
Japan and the United States
Japan and the United States also grapple with substantial pay gaps. In Japan, the gap is 22.1%, while in the United States, it’s 17.0%. These countries face challenges in achieving pay equality, despite their economic strength.
European Countries Fare Better
On the brighter side, European countries like Belgium and Costa Rica have made significant strides. Belgium boasts one of the smallest gender pay gaps globally, with a difference of just 1.2%. Costa Rica follows closely behind with a minimal 1.4% gap. These nations are setting an example for reducing gender pay disparities.
Other Countries in the Mix
France, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Spain, and Italy also exhibit varying degrees of gender pay gaps, ranging from 5.7% to 14.5%. While they’re making efforts to address these gaps, there’s room for improvement.
Earnings can vary significantly based on the job you hold, and the gender pay gap is no exception. Let’s delve into some notable examples:
Real Estate Brokers and Sales Agents
Topping the list for the highest gender pay gap, real estate brokers and sales agents face a stark difference. Males in this profession earn a whopping 60% more than their female counterparts, with a substantial $29,952 difference in median salaries.
Personal Financial Advisors
The second-highest pay gap can be found among personal financial advisors, where women earn 58% less than men. This translates to a significant $38,012 difference in median salaries.
Insurance Sales Agents and Sales Managers
Insurance sales agents and sales managers follow closely behind with gender pay gaps of 55% and 47%, respectively. Women in these roles earn considerably less than their male peers, with median salary differences of $25,272 and $34,840.
Jobs with Smallest Gender Pay Gaps
On the flip side, there are jobs where the gender pay gap is narrower:
- Other Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians: This profession boasts the smallest pay gap, with a mere 2% difference in median salaries, equal to $1,144.
- Physical Therapists: Here, the gender pay gap is just 2%, with an average difference of $1,612 in median salaries.
- Bartenders, Special Education Teachers, and More: Other roles like bartenders, special education teachers, cashiers, office clerks, maids and housekeeping cleaners, nursing assistants, and social workers have relatively smaller gender pay gaps ranging from 3% to 6%.
Often celebrated for their equality and competition, sports still grapple with significant gender pay gaps. Let’s break down some key examples:
In golf, female players face a pay gap, with earnings often considerably less than their male counterparts. Depending on the tournament, this gap can range from 15% to a whopping 100% or more.
The NBA-WNBA comparison is a classic example. The WNBA season, with only 36 games, pales in comparison to the NBA’s 82-game schedule. As a result, the average salary of an NBA player is 44% higher than that of a WNBA player.
Similar disparities exist in baseball, where male players tend to earn significantly more than female players.
In tennis, while the sport has seen progress in equalizing prize money at major tournaments like Wimbledon and the US Open, there are still differences in earnings, particularly in the lower-tier tournaments.
On a positive note, progress is being made in the world of soccer. The US national soccer teams, both women and men, now receive equal pay. This change reflects a shift in the right direction, acknowledging the skill and dedication of female athletes.
The gender pay gap isn’t a one-size-fits-all issue; it varies significantly from state to state. Let’s take a closer look at how some states stack up:
Highest Pay Gap States
Wyoming leads the pack with the highest gender pay gap, where women earn just 68 cents for every dollar earned by men. Louisiana follows closely behind, with a difference of 72.1 cents per dollar earned by men. Utah and Montana also have substantial pay gaps, where women are paid 73.0 cents and 74.6 cents, respectively, for each dollar earned by men.
Lowest Pay Gap States
On the other end of the spectrum, Vermont shines with the smallest gender pay gap, where women earn an impressive 93 cents for every dollar earned by men. New York isn’t far behind, with women receiving 88.2 cents for each dollar men earn. California and Rhode Island are also making strides, paying women 87.3 cents and 85.9 cents, respectively, for every dollar men earn.
The gender pay gap doesn’t affect all areas equally. Here’s a closer look at how it plays out in rural and urban settings:
Rural Pay Gap
Women in rural areas face a higher gender pay gap, earning only 76 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. This disparity is particularly pronounced among women of color.
Challenges for Women of Color
In rural areas, black and Hispanic women working full-time experience significant wage disparities, earning just 56 cents for every dollar earned by white and non-Hispanic men in the same rural areas. This highlights a stark difference in earnings based on both gender and ethnicity.
Breadwinners in Rural Areas
A substantial portion of women in rural areas, close to 66%, are the primary or co-breadwinners in their families. They contribute at least 25% of their family’s earnings. These statistics underscore women’s vital role in rural economies, despite the challenges they face in closing the wage gap.
So, there you have it, folks—48 eye-opening gender wage gap statistics that bring us face-to-face with the realities of pay disparities in 2023. While progress has been made in some areas, there’s still a long road ahead to achieve true wage equality.
But with each data point, we’re armed with the knowledge to push for change, fostering a future where equal pay isn’t just a statistic but a lived reality for all. Let’s keep the conversation going and the momentum building.
The gender pay gap is more pronounced in rural areas due to various factors, including limited access to well-paying jobs, disparities in education, and a concentration of lower-wage industries, disproportionately affecting women’s earnings.
Women of color face significant wage disparities in rural areas, earning just 56 cents for every dollar white and non-Hispanic men earn. This highlights both gender and racial disparities in rural wage gaps.
Approximately 66% of women in rural areas serve as primary or co-breadwinners in their families, contributing at least 25% of their family’s earnings. These women play a crucial role in rural economies.
Efforts to address the rural gender pay gap include improving access to education and training, promoting diversity in rural industries, and advocating for equal pay policies that benefit women in these areas.
Closing the rural gender pay gap can increase economic stability, reduce poverty rates, and strengthen communities. When women earn fair wages, it positively impacts their families and the overall well-being of rural areas.